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An Experience 
in Diversity 



Welcome to Bear Trap Canyon Wilderness. Formed by 
the Madison River as it cuts through the Madison Range, 
the Bear Trap offers raging rapids, solitude, outstanding 
recreational opportunities and magnificent scenery. The 
1 . 500-foot cliffs that border the canyon serve as a scenic 
backdrop for wilderness activities such as white-water 
floating, hiking, bankside or float fishing, studying nature 
and just enjoying the canyon's beauty and grandeur. 

Bear Trap Canyon Wilderness, a unit of the Lee Metcalf 
Wilderness, is the first component of the National Wil- 
derness Preservation System to be managed by the 
Bureau of Land Management. Its 6,000 acres are being 
managed to protect its solitude and natural values while 
allowing for primitive forms of recreation. 

Bear Trap Canyon Wilderness is one of four units of the 
Lee Metcalf Wilderness. The four units and addresses 
where you can get additional information are listed below: 

BEAR TRAP CANYON 

Butte District Office 
Bureau of Land Management 
P.O. Box 3388 
Butte, MT 59702 
(406) 494-5059 



Dillon Resource Area 
Bureau of Land Management 
P.O.Box 1048 
Dillon, MT 59725 
(406) 683-2337 

SPANISH PEAKS 

Bozeman Ranger District 
Gallatin National Forest 
601 Nikles 
Bozeman, MT 59715 
(406) 587-5271, Ext. 4261 

TAYLOR HILGARD 

Madison Ranger District 
Beaverhead National Forest 
Rt. 2, Box 5 
Ennis. MT 59729 
(406) 682-4253 

MONUMENT MOUNTAINS 

Hebgen Lake Ranger District 
Gallatin National Forest 
P.O. Box 520 

West Yellowstone, MT 59758 
(406) 646-7369 









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Bear Trap 

Canyon 

Wilderness 



QUESTIONS ABOUT THE 

BEAR TRAP? ? ? 



How's the fishing? 

The Madison River offers some of the finest trout fish- 
ing in Montana. However, the water in the Bear Trap 
Canyon runs directly out of Ennis Lake where the shal- 
low water of the lake is warmed by the summer sun. In 
late summer and fall the warmer water is not ideal for 
trout and they tend to move further downstream. The 
BLM in conjunction with the Montana Power Company; 
Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks; and 
interested conservation groups is trying to find a solu- 
tion to this problem. 

How do I get into the Bear Trap? 

Floaters use the south entrance near Montana Power's 
electric generating plant. Other visitors use the north 
entrance where plenty of parking is available. The hiking 
trail at the south entrance near the power plant has 
been closed. Because it is restricted by the steep 
canyon walls, the trail passes through the powerplant's 
emergency overflow chute. In case of emergency elec- 
trical generator shutdown, a torrent of water can be 
released down the chute with little warning. Due to this 
safety hazard, possible dangers around the generating 
facilities, and a need to avoid interference with Montana 
Power Company operations; visitors should not use this 
portion of the trail. 

What other dangers are found in the Bear 
Trap Canyon? 

The rapids in the narrow canyon can be very dangerous 
depending on water levels. The most famous, the Kit- 
chen Sink Rapids, has claimed the lives of several float- 
ers. All floaters should check flow conditions before 
attempting to float the Bear Trap. 

There are also dangers along the shores. Keep an eye 
out for rattlesnakes and poison ivy. 



Why can't I bring pets or pack animals into 
the Bear Trap? 

There just isn't enough room in the narrow Bear Trap 
Canyon for large animals. The forage is limited and easily 
damaged. In addition grazing animals brought in from 
other areas can introduce nonnative plants and noxious 
weeds. 



How can I keep the Bear Trap the beautiful 
place it is? 

Since the Bear Trap is primarily a day use area, please 
plan to camp overnight in camp areas north of the 
canyon. These areas provide water, tables, barbeques, 
and toilets. Visitors who want to camp in the wilderness 
should choose other larger areas of the Lee Metcalf 
Wilderness. This brochure also lists other ways to pro- 
tect the wilderness. 



What is the visitor survey all about? 

The BLM wants to know how you liked the Bear Trap. By 
gathering visitor information, the BLM can better man- 
age the area. 



PROTECTING YOUR 
WILDERNESS 



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Water 

—Prevent pollution by keeping soap, ashes and 

human wastes out of the water 

—Pack out, burn or bury fish entrails away from 

water. 

Intelligent Planning 

—Select areas not heavily used 
—Visit areas at little used times and during off sea- 
son 
—Anticipate possible emergencies and be prepared 

Leave horses, mules and pets at 
home 

—The area is too small and fragile to permit riding or 

pack stock 

—Pets disrupt other's solitude 

Don't spoil others experience 

—Keep noise down 
—Travel in small parties 
—Don't litter 

Exercise caution with fire 

—Use only dead and down firewood 

— Scatter fire rings after use 

—Limit smoking to safe areas; burn or pack out 

cigarette butts 

—Make sure fires are dead out 

Remove human traces 

—Don't bury cans and bottles 

—Remove all signs of temporary structures 




E 
S 

S 



No Motorized Machinery 

— The use of motorized machinery is illegal in all 
wilderness 



Enjoy natural objects but leave 
them for others 

—Leave cultural materials, rocks, flowers, antlers, 
etc. 

Sanitation 

—Use cat method for human waste disposal 

—At least 1 00 ft. from water or a trail 

— Dig hole 6-8" deep; remove sod in 1 piece 

—After use fill hole and replace sod 

— Soil bacteria will take care of decomposition 

Self-regulation 

—Remember: preservation of the wilderness is 
up to you 

—Don't cut live trees 
—Don't ditch around tents 
—Keep on the trail 
— Avoid trampling down vegetation 
—Think "No Impact" 



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Bear Trap 
Canyon 

Wilderness 



8LM LIBRARY 



88049192 







United States Department of Interior 
Bureau of Land Management 



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BEAR TRAP CANYON 

LEE METCALF WILDERNESS 

BUTTE DISTRICT 

BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT 

Wilderness Boundary ■ Dam 

■ Power House 
• Put In or Take Out Point 
▼ Trail Head 
-. — -. Trail 

Primitive Road 
===== Light-duty 
- - Medium-duty 



I I Beartrap Canyon Unit of the 

Lee Metcalf Wilderness 

B Public 

D Forest Service 

D State 

LJ Private 




Polyconic promotion 



This map was cmpiled from 

Ennis and Noms Topographic Maps 



V4 Vs 3/4 1 2 miles 

Scale 1"to 1 Mile 
CONTOUR INTERVAL 40 FEET 
DATUM MEAN SEA LEVEL 



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